Morality of politics

Many thinkers and political figures from the ancient world have developed different ideas about the political goals and achievements. This approach is called political moralism. For example, the ancient greek philosopher, Aristotle thought that all human beings should not be allowed to enter in political activities thus , at his system, women, slaves and foreigners were excluded from politics.

poliicsMany political moralists argue that politics should be directed towards achieving substantial goals. They argued that political arrangements should be organised to protect certain things which include political values such as justice, equality, liberty, happiness and national self determination. Moralism produces descriptions of ideal political societies known as Utopias, which is named after the English statesman and philosopher Thomas More’s book Utopia (published in 1516), which imagined an ideal nation. The Utopian political thinking goes back to the time of the Greek philosopher Plato, who discussed that in his book ‘Republic’. This thinking was still used by modern thinkers such as Robert Nozick for exploring ideas. However, many theorists believe that Utopian thinking is the part of the process for striving towards a better society.

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Politics, the art of possible

Concept of politics

If everyone could have everything they wanted whenever they wanted, then there would have been no such thing as politics. Politics has been understood by many different ways but only one thing is clear to all that human experience never provides us with everything we want. In order to get what we want we need to compete, struggle, compromise and sometimes fight for things. After doing so, we develop a language to explain and justify our claims and to challenge, contradict and answer to the claims made by others. Now, all of this can be a language of interests,whether of individuals or groups or it might be the language of values such as liberties and rights for justice. Before doing all of this, political concepts must be clear. These ideas and concepts help us to make the claims and defend our interests.

Political life is a part of the necessary response in our everyday life towards different challenges. It is basically the recognition that collective action is often better than individual action. Above all, politics is a noble activity in which people decide the rules they will live by and the goals they will perhaps, collectively pursue.